IDT Corporation (NYSE: IDT, IDT.C) announces operating results for the second quarter of fiscal 2008, the three months ended January 31, 2008.
SUMMARY OF OPERATING RESULTS
Because IDT Carmel, our receivables portfolio management and collection business, has become a larger contributor to overall IDT Corporation results, this quarter we have begun to report it as a separate business segment instead of as part of IDT Capital, as in prior period reports. Prior period results have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation. The following table summarizes the operating performance of IDT‘s continuing businesses:
Income (Loss) from Operations
|Consumer Phone Services||23.0||25.3||34.3||4.0||5.2||8.4|
|IDT Telecom Total||386.3||402.6||447.0||(9.2)||31.4||(12.4)|
Columns in table may not add due to rounding.
Income from operations in our Wholesale Telecom segment in Q1 2008 includes a $40.0 million arbitration award.
In Fiscal 2008 we changed our accounting for IDT Carmel operations, as described below.This change accounts for the majority of the changes in revenues from IDT Carmel operations as compared to the year-ago period.
On February 15th we announced the formation of a new IDT division, the American Shale Oil Corporation (AMSO) to manage IDT’s U.S. oil shale ventures, including the company’s initial foray – its 75% stake in E.G.L. Oil Shale LLC, which was announced on January 22nd.
On February 7th, we closed on the purchase of our headquarters building at 520 Broad St., Newark NJ, in exchange for $23.1 million in cash and the assumption of the remainder of the existing mortgage on the building in the amount of $26.9 million, for a total purchase price of $50 million.
RESULTS OF IDT TELECOM OPERATIONS
|Telecom Line of Business Detail|
|$ millions, except %||Q1 07||Q2 07||Q3 07||Q4 07||FY 07||Q1 08||Q2 08|
|CC- United States||215.9||204.9||180.0||175.1||776.0||159.5||161.5|
|CC- Rest of World||7.2||7.8||10.1||7.4||32.5||8.1||7.9|
|Wholesale -Third Party||156.6||161.1||154.3||173.1||645.1||168.5||160.5|
|Consumer Phone Services||53.8||34.3||30.7||30.0||148.8||25.3||23.0|
|Consumer Phone Services||21.0||15.3||12.8||15.4||64.5||12.7||10.6|
|Consumer Phone Services||39.0%||44.8%||41.6%||51.3%||43.3%||50.2%||46.2%|
|SG&A including bad debt|
|Consumer Phone Services||18.4||9.3||8.3||4.4||40.4||7.0||6.2|
IDT Telecom carried 5.82 billion minutes of traffic for third-party customers in the second quarter of fiscal 2008, a decrease of 1.2% sequentially, and 2.7% versus Q2 2007. Revenues declined 4.0% sequentially and 13.6% compared with the 2007 second quarter. IDT Telecom‘s ($9.2) million loss from operations is an improvement relative to the year-ago loss of ($12.4) million. The current quarter operating loss is 6.9% higher than that of Q1 2008, excluding the effects of a $40 million arbitration award recorded in Q1. Despite the sharply lower revenues, the year-over-year improvement in operating performance is due to:
For IDT Telecom overall, gross profit dollars were 1.6% lower than the year-ago figure and 2.3% lower than the immediately preceding quarter. SG&A expenses fell 4.5% versus one year-ago, and 0.2% sequentially. Depreciation and amortization expense for IDT Telecom fell from $17.9 million in the year-ago period and $15.6 million in the first quarter of 2008 to $14.4 million in the current quarter.
Wholesale Telecommunications Services
Wholesale revenues from third-party customers during the quarter decreased 0.4% year-over-year and 4.8% sequentially. Inter-segment sales continued to decline, primarily as a result of the continued decline in minutes sold by our U.S. calling card business. Total Wholesale segment revenues declined 5.6% sequentially and 16.0% from the second quarter one year ago. In the second quarter, Wholesale carried 5.7 billion minutes, a 2.3% and 1.1% decline compared to the minutes volume delivered in the second quarter one year ago and in Q1 2008, respectively. Gross profit dollars of $36.0 million in Q2 2008 declined 1.3% year-over-year and increased 0.8% sequentially. Gross margins of 13.6% were stronger than past quarters. Wholesale SG&A expenses decreased 6.0% year-over-year and increased 4.80% sequentially. Also, depreciation and amortization expense declined 19.2% year-over-year and 7.9% sequentially, leading to a $3.1 million improvement in the operating loss versus the year-ago figure and a $235,000 operating profit decline (excluding the effect of the arbitration award) sequentially.
Prepaid Products revenues in the second quarter decreased 2.9% versus the first quarter of fiscal 2008 and decreased 19.4% from the second quarter one year ago. In the second quarter, our global calling card business terminated 2.2 billion minutes, as compared to 2.3 billion minutes in the first quarter of fiscal 2008 and 3.0 billion minutes in 2007‘s second quarter.
Gross profit margins of 18.8% in the second quarter of fiscal 2008 for Prepaid Products were stronger than past quarters, in part due to the boost from seasonally-strong gift cards. SG&A expenses for Prepaid Products increased 2.4% versus the prior year dollar amount and decreased 1.3% versus Q1 2008. SG&A expenses as a percentage of Prepaid Products revenues were 23.0% in Q2 2008, versus 18.1% in the year-ago quarter and 22.6% in Q1 2008. Also, depreciation and amortization expense declined 20.2% year-over-year and 7.9% sequentially, leading to a $4.4 million reduction in operating loss versus the year-ago figure and a $854,000 reduction sequentially
Consumer Phone Services
Consumer Phone Services revenues for the second quarter were 8.9% lower than those recorded in the first quarter of fiscal 2008, and 32.8% lower than last year‘s comparable quarter due to continued attrition of customers. Our strategy is to continue to manage this business for cash-flow maximization.
|RESULTS OF IDT ENERGY OPERATIONS|
|$ millions, except %||Q1 07||Q2 07||Q3 07||Q4 07||
|Q1 08||Q2 08|
|GROSS MARGIN %||23.2%||13.7%||11.2%||10.1%||13.9%||12.9%||10.4%|
|SG&A including bad debt||3.5||3.5||4.0||4.0||15.0||3.8||4.7|
|ENDING METERS SERVED (000)||258||271||284||300||300||312||318|
IDT Energy increased its base of meters served 17.3% in Q2 2008 compared to the year-ago period, and 1.9% versus the Q1 2008 total. Plans for further growth are centered on adding incremental customers in several upstate NY regions, and IDT Energy is considering expanding into additional states.
Revenues increased 25.3% compared with the year-ago period, driven by a 25% increase in gas meters, a 12% increase in electric meters, higher gas consumption due to colder weather versus the year ago period, and price increases of about 10% for gas and 9% for electricity.
Gross margins in IDT Energy for the quarter were 10.4%, compared with 13.7% in the year-ago period, mostly due to atypically strong gross margins for gas in the year-ago period. Operating profits for the quarter fell to $1.9 million from $3.6 million in the year-ago period due to decreases in the gross profits and increases in SG&A. IDT Energy plans to continue to target margins per unit that will achieve profitability, and will take advantage of opportunities to maximize the margin per unit as they arise.
RESULTS OF IDT CAPITAL OPERATIONS
|$ millions, except %||Q1 07||Q2 07||Q3 07||Q4 07||FY 2007||Q1 08||Q2 08|
|Internet Mobile Group||–||0.1||0.1||1.5||1.7||2.2||2.4|
|Internet Mobile Group||–||0.1||0.1||0.6||0.8||0.9||1.0|
|GROSS MARGIN %|
|Local Media, GM %||72.6%||72.6%||62.6%||73.3%||70.7%||72.7%||66.2%|
|Internet Mobile Group, GM%||–||100.0%||83.5%||37.9%||43.2%||39.5%||42.1%|
|Capital- Other, GM %||36.2%||64.5%||27.7%||34.7%||41.6%||13.4%||25.3%|
|SG&A including bad debt|
|Internet Mobile Group||0.3||1.0||0.6||1.5||3.4||1.9||2.6|
IDT Capital consists of the IDT Local Media businesses (principally the CTM brochure distribution operation and our WMET Washington, D.C. based AM radio station), the Internet Mobile Group (Zedge—a website providing a creation and distribution platform for mobile content—and IDW, an established leader in the publication of comic books and graphic novels) and other smaller businesses. In Q2 2008 IDT Capital reported a revenue increase of 1.6% year-over-year and a 5.2% decrease sequentially. IDT Capital reported an operating loss of ($14.4) million in the second quarter of fiscal 2008, versus a loss of ($2.9) million in the year-ago quarter and ($9.7) million in Q1 2008. Most of the increased losses versus Q1 results were due to increased losses in Local Media businesses and from an increase in legal fees in “Other Capital“. Most of the decline compared with the year-ago period was attributable to expenses included under “Other Capital,“ primarily legal fees.
Local Media‘s revenues and margins were adversely impacted by the closure of Broadway shows, reducing the need for brochures describing the shows until they reopened.
The Internet Mobile Group has grown dramatically since last year. In terms of usage and brand name, Zedge currently attracts approximately 4 million unique visitors per month. At this point, most of the Internet Mobile Group‘s revenues are generated by IDW. The SG&A increases are primarily due to the hiring of key personnel in both Zedge and IDW to continue their growth.
Both Zedge and IDW reported significant developments in this quarter:
Additionally, the Internet Mobile Group is building a site for IDT‘s Made-in-USA project. A Q4 2008 launch is planned.
|RESULTS OF IDT CARMEL OPERATIONS|
|$ millions, except %||Q1 07||Q2 07||Q3 07||Q4 07||FY 2007||Q1 08||Q2 08|
|GROSS MARGIN %||26.9%||-113.7%||-241.3%||-202.9%||-116.7%||34.2%||46.0%|
|BAD DEBT EXPENSE||–||–||–||–||–||–||16.1|
|RECEIVABLES UNDER MANAGEMENT||3.7||14.3||34.3||51.1||51.1||81.1||90.3|
|FACE AMOUNT OF PURCHASES||159||159||300||372||990||412||344|
|NET EXPENDITURES TO PURCHASE RECEIVABLES||6||13||28||31||79||37||30|
IDT Carmel recorded an operating loss of ($12.2) million for the second quarter of fiscal 2008, compared with a loss of ($2.0) million in the year-ago period and operating profits of $2.0 million in the preceding quarter. IDT Carmel‘s revenues increased by $11.5 million when compared to the year-ago period and increased by $2.7 million sequentially. The revenue increase compared to fiscal 2007 resulted primarily from changing the method of accounting from Cost Recovery to Effective Yield for recognizing revenue in our purchased debt portfolios business. Under Effective Yield, revenue is recognized on a calculated internal rate of return based on our cash flow expectations for each portfolio. Under Cost Recovery, no revenue is recognized until the cost of the portfolio is completely recovered or sold. Also contributing to the increase in revenue, the total amount of receivables under management increased to $90.3 million at the end of Q2 08 from $14.3 million at the end of Q2 07 and $81.1 million at the end of Q1 08.
In Q2 2008 IDT Carmel recorded bad debt expense of $16.1 million due to actual cash collections that were below expectations and decreases in estimates of future cash collections. This bad debt expense reflects in part the particularly challenging current collection environment as a result of factors in the U.S. economy that IDT Carmel cannot control, which are likely to impact consumers‘ willingness and ability to repay their debts to IDT Carmel. These factors include, among others: a slowdown in the economy, problems in the credit and housing markets and reductions in consumer spending. Under the Effective Yield method in U.S. GAAP, the carrying balance of a portfolio equals the present value of remaining anticipated cash flows discounted using the original gross collection Internal Rate of Return (IRR) calculated when the portfolio was purchased. If, at a subsequent time, collections are expected to be lower than originally anticipated, the new expected collections are discounted back using the original IRR and the result becomes the new carrying balance. The difference between the existing book balance and the new carrying balance is recorded as an impairment of the portfolio which is charged to bad debt expense.
AMERICAN SHALE OIL CORPORATION, LLC
We believe that America pays an astounding price for our dependence on foreign oil—both in terms of direct cost and impact on foreign policy and related items. Yet, with successful technological development, the country could transform itself into an energy self-sufficient nation by exploiting its untapped and unconventional energy resources. The development of the necessary technology faces considerable challenges and financial risks, but we believe that it is an investment that America needs to make. America’s unconventional fuel treasure lies in the Green River Formation in Colorado, Utah and Wyoming. The Formation contains the largest known fossil energy reserves in the world. Most of it is in the form of oil shale with proven reserves sufficient to supply America’s domestic oil needs for the foreseeable future.
IDT recently formed the American Shale Oil Corporation (AMSO) and invested $2.5 million to purchase a 75% stake in EGL Oil Shale. EGL was awarded a Research, Development and Demonstration lease on 160 acre tracts in Western Colorado by the Bureau of Land Management. Other companies granted similar leases include Shell and Chevron. If EGL’s proprietary in-situ retorting technology proves economically viable and environmentally responsible, the company will be awarded the right to operate commercially on an additional adjacent 4,960 acre Preference Right Lease Tract. Recovery rates on portions of the tract could be as high as 2 million barrels per acre.
As the only independent lease holder pursuing in-situ extraction technologies, we are determined that AMSO will become the catalyst for a truly national, collaborative and open approach to unlock the oil shale reserves and help the nation achieve energy independence in an environmentally responsible way. We anticipate investing at least $50 million on investments and development of opportunities in this industry.
IDT CONFERENCE CALL INFORMATION
Conference call today, March 11, 2008, at 4:30 PM Eastern Time.
ABOUT IDT CORPORATION
IDT Corporation is a multinational holding company with operations that span several industries. Our principal businesses consist of:
We also hold assets and operate other smaller or early-stage initiatives and operations, including intellectual property held in units of IDT Capital, IDT Spectrum, which holds a significant number of Federal Communications Commission licenses for commercial fixed wireless spectrum in the United States, IDT Global Israel, which is primarily comprised of call center operations, and certain real estate investments.
IDT Corporation’s Class B Common Stock and Common Stock trade on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbols IDT and IDT.C, respectively.
In this press release, all statements that are not purely about historical facts, including, but not limited to, those with the words “believe,““anticipate,““expect,““plan,““intend,““estimate,““target“ and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. While these forward-looking statements represent IDT‘s current judgment of what may happen in the future, actual results may differ materially from the results expressed or implied by these statements due to various risks and uncertainties. These risks and uncertainties include, but are certainly not limited to the specific risks and uncertainties discussed in our reports filed with the SEC. All forward-looking statements and risk factors included in this document are made as of the date hereof, based on information available to IDT as of the date thereof, and IDT assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements or risk factors.
|CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS|
|Three Months Ended
|Six Months Ended
|(In thousands, except per share data)|
|Costs and expenses:|
|Direct cost of revenues (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)||373,648||411,369||740,112||810,239|
|Selling, general and administrative (i)||117,765||108,728||233,143||219,639|
|Depreciation and amortization||16,748||19,943||34,567||39,976|
|Restructuring and severance charges||2,439||1,246||4,182||6,326|
|Total costs and expenses||529,587||542,767||1,033,299||1,080,561|
|Gain on sale of U.K.-based Toucan business||—||2,918||—||44,671|
|Loss from operations||(52,850||)||(27,349||)||(48,508||)||(1,064||)|
|Interest income, net||3,224||5,153||5,602||8,756|
|Other (expense) income, net||(7,618||)||365||(1,285||)||(1,421||)|
|(Loss) income from continuing operations before minority interests and income taxes||(57,244||)||(21,831||)||(44,191||)||6,271|
|Provision for income taxes||(2,984||)||(2,492||)||(6,819||)||(4,026||)|
|Loss from continuing operations||(60,237||)||(26,965||)||(51,645||)||(4,115||)|
|Discontinued operations, net of tax:|
|Loss from discontinued operations||—||—||—||(7,165||)|
|(Loss) gain on sale of discontinued operations||(2,232||)||—||(4,044||)||198,235|
|Total discontinued operations||(2,232||)||—||(4,044||)||191,070|
|Net (loss) income||$(62,469||)||$(26,965||)||$(55,689||)||$186,955|
|Earnings per share:|
|Basic and diluted:|
|Loss from continuing operations||$(0.80||)||$(0.33||)||$(0.67||)||$(0.05||)|
|Total discontinued operations||(0.03||)||—||(0.05||)||2.30|
|Net (loss) income||$(0.83||)||$(0.33||)||$(0.72||)||$2.25|
|Weighted-average number of shares used in calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share||75,022||80,728||77,323||82,930|
|(i) Stock-based compensation included in selling, general and administrative expenses||$1,792||$2,738||$3,222||$4,451|
|CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS|
|Cash and cash equivalents||$||149,965||$||153,845|
|Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $19,796 at January 31, 2008 and $19,654 at July 31, 2007||168,788||164,802|
|Arbitration award receivable||42,934||—|
|Other current assets||91,675||60,452|
|Total current assets||608,594||796,159|
|Property, plant and equipment, net||232,454||251,318|
|Licenses and other intangibles, net||11,308||13,824|
|Deferred income tax assets, net||233,856||—|
|Liabilities and stockholders‘ equity|
|Trade accounts payable||$||56,856||$||47,467|
|Capital lease obligations—current portion||21,808||21,049|
|Notes payable—current portion||4,208||8,095|
|Other current liabilities||7,021||17,598|
|Total current liabilities||431,237||494,983|
|Income taxes payable||363,303||—|
|Deferred income tax liabilities, net||—||105,049|
|Capital lease obligations—long-term portion||14,189||23,401|
|Notes payable—long-term portion||81,451||82,847|
|Commitments and contingencies|
|Preferred stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares—10,000; no shares issued||—||—|
|Common stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares—100,000; 25,075 and 25,075 shares issued and 14,632 and 14,996 shares outstanding at January 31, 2008 and July 31, 2007, respectively||251||251|
|Class A common stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares—35,000; 9,817 shares issued and outstanding at January 31, 2008 and July 31, 2007||98||98|
|Class B common stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares—200,000; 63,530 and 63,261 shares issued and 51,060 and 56,043 shares outstanding at January 31, 2008 and July 31, 2007, respectively||635||633|
|Additional paid-in capital||715,052||711,103|
|Treasury stock, at cost, consisting of 10,443 and 10,079 shares of common stock and 12,470 and 7,218 shares of Class B common stock at January 31, 2008 and July 31, 2007, respectively||(284,218||)||(240,355||)|
|Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income||(151||)||10,750|
|Total stockholders‘ equity||503,841||630,162|
|Total liabilities and stockholders‘ equity||$||1,414,986||$||1,360,333|
|CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS|
|Six Months Ended
|Net cash used in operating activities||$||(114,317||)||$||(44,716||)|
|(Issuance) collection of notes receivable, net||(595||)||275|
|Investments and acquisitions, net of cash acquired||(17,969||)||(3,581||)|
|Proceeds from sale of investments||3,382||—|
|Proceeds from sale of building||4,872||—|
|Proceeds from sale of IDT Entertainment, net of cash sold and transaction costs||—||261,604|
|Proceeds from sale of U.K.-based Toucan business, net of transaction costs||—||38,380|
|Purchase of debt portfolios||(67,331||)||(19,157||)|
|Principal collections and proceeds from resale of debt portfolios||12,130||6,261|
|Proceeds from sales and maturities of marketable securities||593,396||876,041|
|Purchases of marketable securities||(349,514||)||(898,292||)|
|Net cash provided by investing activities||164,753||244,978|
|Distributions to minority shareholders of subsidiaries||(2,941||)||(8,005||)|
|Proceeds from exercises of stock options||94||4,103|
|Proceeds from employee stock purchase plan||808||1,075|
|Proceeds from sale leaseback transactions on capital leases||—||13,283|
|Repayments of capital lease obligations||(9,237||)||(10,741||)|
|Repayments of borrowings||(1,374||)||(1,345||)|
|Repurchases of common stock and Class B common stock||(44,036||)||(2,476||)|
|Net cash used in financing activities||(56,686||)||(4,106||)|
|Net cash used in operating activities||—||(20,261||)|
|Net cash provided by investing activities||—||3,847|
|Net cash provided by financing activities||—||7,536|
|Net cash used in discontinued operations||—||(8,878||)|
|Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents||2,370||1,780|
|Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents||(3,880||)||189,058|
|Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period||153,845||
|Cash and cash equivalents, end of period||$||149,965||$||340,250|
|Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities|
|Receipt of the Company‘s Class B common stock and IDT Telecom shares as part of the proceeds from the sale of IDT Entertainment||$||—||$||226,649|
|Receipt of marketable securities as part of the proceeds from the sale of U.K.-based Toucan business||$||—||$||7,851|
(*) Includes cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations of $32.1 million as of July 31, 2006.
|SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL DATA|
|THREE MONTHS ENDED JANUARY 31, 2008|
|Total IDT||Inter-||Wholesale||Prepaid Products||CPS||IDT||IDT||IDT|
|STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS DATA|
|Revenues||$||476,737||$||( 103,917)||$||264,375||$ 202,868||$||23,012||$||65,068||$||12,362||$||12,969||$||–|
|Costs and expenses:|
|Direct cost of revenues (exclusive of|
|depreciation and amortization)||373,648||(103,917)||228,371||164,654||12,387||58,305||6,680||7,169||–|
|Selling, general and administrative||117,765||–||25,806||45,389||5,096||4,657||1,687||16,955||18,175|
|Depreciation and amortization||16,748||–||7,677||6,281||404||30||115||1,669||571|
|Restructuring and severance charges||2,439||–||675||437||4||89||–||992||242|
|Total costs and expenses||529,587||(103,917)||262,510||217,954||19,004||63,131||24,533||27,383||18,989|
|Income (loss) from operations||(52,850)||$||–||$||1,865||$ (15,087)||$||4,008||$||1,938||$||(12,171)||$||(14,414)||$||(18,989)|
|Interest income, net||3,224|
|Other expense, net||(7,618)|
|Loss from continuing operations before minority interests and income taxes||(57,244)|
|Provision for income taxes||(2,984)|
|Loss from continuing operations||(60,237)|
|Discontinued operations, net of tax:|
|(Loss) on sale of discontinued operations||(2,232)|